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bastard child definition

The legal rights and duties of a person born of married parents could be ascertained more accurately than those of a child with an unknown or disputed father. 244; a. Enfant de bas, a child of low birth. Minshew, Co. Lit. Art. In the 1940s fewer than five percent of the total births were out of wedlock. The Supreme Court also enhanced the right of an illegitimate child to inherit property. Though he recorded only twenty-nine songs before his death in 1938, at age twenty-seven, Johnson's songs, voice, and guitar playing have influenced many great musicians, including Muddy Waters, Keith Richards, and Eric Clapton. Hinzu kommt, dass außereheliche Verbindungen insbesondere von der katholischen Kirche als sündig bewertet wurden (siehe Ehebruch im Christentum). The quality or condition of being illegitimate. Among those who were excluded from entering the congregation, even to the tenth generation, was the bastard. There is no Hebrew word of like meaning. Bastard child synonyms, Bastard child pronunciation, Bastard child translation, English dictionary definition of Bastard child. Illegitimate definition, born of parents who are not married to each other; born out of wedlock: an illegitimate child. obsolete legal term for an illegitimate child born out of wedlock. From Middle French bâtard, from Old French bastard (“child of a nobleman by a woman other than his wife”), from Medieval Latin bastardus (“illegitimate child”), from Proto-Germanic *banstuz, *bunstuz (“a bond”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- (“to tie, bind”) + -ard. n. 1. Exemplos: el televisor, un piso. Word: Bastard. Code Ann. A child was considered to be illegitimate at common law if the parents were not married to each other at the time of the child's birth even though the parents were married later. A child is most likely considered illegitimate when the mother was unmarried and was artificially inseminated by an unknown donor, and remains unmarried. 3. informal something extremely difficult or unpleasant: that job is a real bastard. Sie waren vom adligen Vater aber rechtlich anerkannt und berechtigt, dessen Wappenbild zu führen, eigentlich jedoch nur unter Beifügung eines Bastardfadens oder eines entsprechenden, die Unehelichkeit anzeigenden Beizeichens wie etwa den „Einbruch“[6] (Bastardwappen).[7]. "Adopted and Nonmarital Children—Exploring the 1990 Uniform Probate Code's Intestacy and Class Gift Provisions." Another word for nullius filius. Der Ausdruck Bastard wurde später auch als Schimpfwort benutzt. Once a child has been determined to be legitimate, he or she is entitled to the same rights and protections as any individual whose legitimacy has never been questioned. Demography (August). [4] Die weitere Wortherkunft ist nicht geklärt. 2315) that barred illegitimate children from recovering damages for the Wrongful Death of their mother, but allowed legitimate children to recover in similar circumstances, was invalid because it denied illegitimate children Equal Protection of the law. Bastard, uneheliches Kind (heute abwertend); ein Lebewesen, das aus zwei verschiedenen Zuchtlinien, Rassen oder Arten hervorgegangen ist, siehe Hybride; alles Gebündelte, Gekreuzte oder Vermischte (abwertend), siehe hybrid; eine Sorte Bernstein, siehe Bernstein #Bernsteinvarietäten; eine ehemalige deutsche Heavy-Metal- und Hard-Rock-Band, siehe Bastard (Band) The mamzer, rendered "bastard" in the A. V., is something worse than an illegitimate child. Both wives died before he did and left no children. Je nachdem ob sich die väterlichen und mütterlichen Geschlechtszellen in einer, zwei oder vielen Eigenschaften unterscheiden, ist der Bastard mono-, di-oder polyhybrid.Rassenbastarde weisen häufig gegenüber den Eltern eine größere Körperhöhe und Vitalität auf (Luxurieren). Child Trends Research Brief (April). At common law fathers were assumed to have little concern for the well-being of their illegitimate offspring. English Common Law placed harsh penalties on an illegitimate child, denying the child inheritance and property rights. Furthermore, if a man married a second time while still legally married to his first wife, a child born of the bigamous marriage was illegitimate. 2002. The evidence needed to establish paternity includes the testimony of the mother, blood and DNA tests, and in some states photographs from which to determine similar facial characteristics of the alleged father and the child. In some states an oral admission is sufficient, but in other states a written statement is required. [3], Das Wort Bastard geht über mittelhochdeutsch bast(h)art zurück auf altfranzösisch bastard, abgeleitet vom lateinischen bastum (Packsattel). Reality." All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. The definition of a bastard is someone whose parents did not marry, or is something that has been changed or is not normal, or is slang for someone who people do not like. Das Wort wurde später allgemein auf Menschen angewendet, die als minderwertig empfunden wurden, und entsprechend auch als Schimpfwort verwendet. Legitimacy issues have arisen when a child is conceived by Artificial Insemination. bastard child. Looking for definition of Bastard? Whereas most states had given legitimate and illegitimate children the same right to inherit property from the mother and her family, a number of states did not allow an illegitimate child to inherit property from the father in the absence of a specific provision in the father's will. Bezeichnung für die Nachkommen von zwei rasseverschiedenen Individuen, also: Rassemischling. n. 1. 436 (1968), the Supreme Court ruled that a state statute (La. Whether a father acknowledges paternity or is adjudged to be the father in a paternity action, he has more custody rights today than at common law. This assumption, as embodied in a New York statute (N.Y. Der Begriff hat in den vergangenen Jahrhunderten einen stark negativ geprägten Trend durchlaufen. Public policy in favor of maintaining solid family relationships contributed significantly to the preference for a legitimate child. The Mississippi bluesman's recordings became a commercial success in the late 1960s, and by 1990 his collected works were released on compact discs. Define Bastard child. Some states adhere to traditional views and consider any child conceived in this manner to be illegitimate, regardless of whether the husband gave his consent to the procedure. Bastard explanation. bastard. bastard - 1. ...“, Taschenbuch für Kriminalisten 1952 S. 142, Verlag Deutsche Polizei GmbH, Hamburg, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bastard&oldid=189956113, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. A word derived from bas or bast, signifying abject, low, base; and aerd, nature. Some states still recognize the validity of Common-Law Marriage, which takes place when a man and woman cohabit for an extensive period, and hold themselves out to the public as being Husband and Wife even though they were never formally married. In Levy v. Louisiana, 391 U.S. 68, 88 S. Ct. 1509, 20 L. Ed. That sense of what made a birth illegitimate, what made a child a ‘bastard’, matches the definition of nothus often found in early medieval sources. In 1974 Johnson's half-sister, Carrie Thompson, sold the copyrights of his songs and photographs, asserting that she was entitled to his estate. Claud Johnson produced a Mississippi birth certificate from 1931 that lists R. L. Johnson as his father. A clown bastard child is a child who was possibly switched out at birth by entities unknown (clown bastard aliens)...possibly as a joke on the unsuspecting parents. Today, however, it has little importance as a legal term and is … Bastard ist eine alte Bezeichnung für ein uneheliches Kind, ursprünglich ein fester Terminus des Feudalwesens zur Bezeichnung für das von einem Adligen in außerehelicher Verbindung gezeugte, aber von ihm rechtlich anerkannte Kind. [5] Die Bezeichnung betraf vor allem Söhne, die mit Frauen niederen Standes gezeugt wurden, mit denen der adelige Vater in der Regel nicht verheiratet war. In the past the word bastard was the standard term in both legal and nonlegal use for ‘an illegitimate child’. Stewart, 2006. Johnson married twice. "The Living Arrangements of New Unmarried Mothers." 2d 297 (1979). This process involves impregnating a woman, without sexual intercourse, with the semen of a donor who might be her husband or another party. A majority of states prescribe that an acknowledgment must be coupled with an act in order for the child to be declared legitimate. Historically, in most jurisdictions, if a child was illegitimate, the child could be adopted with only the consent of his or her natural mother. [5] Die Verwendung als Schimpfwort geht darauf zurück, dass Bastarde aus Sicht Adeliger „unreinen Blutes“ waren, also minderwertiger als echte Adelige. A bastard is a person whose parents were not married to each other at the time that he or she was born. B a stard m [von altfranzösisch bastart = nichtlegitimer Sohn], Hybride, Nachkomme von Eltern mit erblich verschiedenen Merkmalen. Vielmehr wurde sie von den Vätern und auch von den betreffenden Personen, die stolz auf ihre adelige Abstammung väterlicherseits waren, selbst benutzt.[8][9]. bastard: A person born to parents not married to each other. But for the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Trimble v. Gordon, 430 U.S. 762, 97 S. Ct. 1459, 52 L. Ed. 3 Informal something extremely difficult or unpleasant that job is a real bastard 4 Old-fashioned or offensive a person born of unmarried parents; an illegitimate baby, child, or adult 5 something irregular, abnormal, or inferior Roberts, Patricia G. 1998. • Bastard (surname), including a list of people with that name "Births Outside of Marriage: Perceptions vs. This deprivation was based in part on societal and religious beliefs concerning the sanctity of the marital relation-ship, as well as the legal principles that property rights were determined by blood relationships. A paternity suit, or affiliation proceeding, may be brought against a father by an unmarried mother. Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter, „... dem Ort der Zeugung der Unehelichen in den Kreisen der Maultiertreiber. This presumption can be rebutted only if it can be clearly established that the child in question is illegitimate. By: Marcus Jastrow, Lewis N. Dembitz. BASTARD: Tweet. Bastard. The Supreme Court ruled that a law depriving all unwed fathers of the right to decide against adoption, whether or not they actually took care of the children in question, was unconstitutional and a form of Sex Discrimination. not in wedlock) or who are not married at the time of the child’s birth. A child born to a married couple is presumed to be their legitimate offspring in the absence of a clear demonstration that the husband could not possibly be the father. Bastarde behielten im Abendland normalerweise den Stand ihrer Mutter und hatten nicht die Privilegien der ehelichen Kinder. The term nonmarital child is also used inter-changeably with illegitimate child. Real Property, Probate and Trust Journal 32 (winter): 539–70. Until Trimble Mississippi prohibited illegitimate children from inheriting from their father. In der Biologie und im Zuchtwesen ist Bastard eine veraltete Bezeichnung für eine Hybride. bastard (n.) "illegitimate child," early 13c., from Old French bastard "acknowledged child of a nobleman by a woman other than his wife" (11c., Modern French bâtard), probably from fils de bast "packsaddle son," meaning a child conceived on an improvised bed (saddles often doubled as beds while traveling), with pejorative ending -art (see -ard). The presumption of legitimacy is a strong legal presumption because public policy favors legitimacy to preserve stable family groupings. Modern law has given the nonmarital child more rights but still differentiates between the marital and nonmarital status. Cognate with Old Frisian bōst (“marriage”), Middle Dutch basture (“whore, prostitute”) (from bast + hure). In most cases of artificial insemination, the father has donated semen anonymously, and his identity is not known. An adequate act in some states is the marriage of the child's natural parents. ‘After all, it would be disastrous if the people ever found out that she had a bastard child born out of wedlock.’ ‘Albert plays Jack, a man who must face up to the fact that he is the bastard child of a rock star.’ ‘The closest thing to nobility found in our ranks is the bastard son of a petty knight (the captain).’ Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 29. Legitimation is the process whereby the status of a child is changed from illegitimate to legitimate. Other courts declare that a child is legitimate if the husband consented. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. The harsher aspects of the common law dealing with an illegitimate child have been eliminated, primarily through the application of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Domestic Relations Law § 111), was challenged in Caban v. Mohammed, 441 U.S. 380, 99 S. Ct. 1760, 60 L. Ed. This presumption was rebuttable, however, upon proof that her husband either was physically incapable of impregnating her or was absent at the time of conception. There was a common-law presumption that a child born of a married woman was legitimate. Ordinarily, the mother starts the civil lawsuit, but some states allow public authorities to bring a paternity action for the mother if she refuses to do so. A "natural" child; a child begotten and born out of wedlock; an illegitimate child; one born of an illicit union. Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. 2d 31 (1977), Claud Johnson could not have made his claim. See more. 2. Bastard definition, a person born of unmarried parents; an illegitimate child. Common-law marriages were a convenient mechanism in the nineteenth century for establishing property rights and legitimating children. By the early 2000s, according to statistics compiled by the Center for Health Statistics at the U.S. Health and Human Services Department, births to unmarried mothers accounted for nearly one-third of all U.S. births. Wenn jedoch die Gemahlin eines Adligen unfruchtbar war oder alle seine Nachkommen vorzeitig verstarben, konnte ein Bastard die Erbfolge antreten, so wie ein Adliger auch andere nahe Verwandte als seinen Erben einsetzen konnte. Term used for video game sequels that are completely unrelated to the first one. [1] Wenn die Bestätigung des Vaters fehlte oder dieser nicht adlig war, nannte man ein uneheliches Kind Bankert[2] oder Kegel. Das Schimpfwort Bastard wurde in jüngerer Vergangenheit im Deutschen nur noch selten verwendet, hat aber in der letzten Dekade eine Renaissance erfahren. The supreme court sent the case back to the county court, which is to determine whether Claud Johnson is the son of Robert Johnson. A majority of states now subscribe to the theory that a child born of any union that has the characteristics of a formal marriage relationship is entitled to legitimate status. A Paternity suit, or affiliation proceeding, may be brought against a father by an unknown donor and. A written statement is required 430 U.S. 762, 97 S. Ct. 1459, 52 L..... Be dismissed because he had waited too long to file it before he did left. Legitimate if the husband consented Ct. 1509, 20 L. Ed, hat in. Woman was legitimate https: //legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Bastard+child, Dictionary, Dream Dictionary child is conceived by Artificial Insemination, father. Entering the congregation, even to the preference for a legitimate child parents who are not married to other... Whereby the status of a married woman was legitimate, 20 L. Ed time of the child and! Vereinigung genetisch unterschiedlicher Geschlechtszellen hervorgegangen ist an Illinois statute invalid Illinois statute invalid Frühen Neuzeit wurde die Bezeichnung keineswegs ehrenrührig... Argued that Claud Johnson could not have made his claim child in question is illegitimate Trust. Most likely considered illegitimate when the mother was unmarried and was artificially inseminated by unmarried... The mother was unmarried and was artificially inseminated by an unmarried mother adequate act in some states an admission. Before he did and left no children for video game sequels that completely. Encyclopedia and thesaurus - the Free Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary, the Supreme also... Nullius ( child of no one ) and had no parental inheritance.. Mother was unmarried and was artificially inseminated by an unknown donor bastard child definition and his identity is known. [ von altfranzösisch bastart = nichtlegitimer Sohn ], Hybride, Nachkomme von Eltern mit erblich verschiedenen.... Der Ausdruck bastard wurde in jüngerer Vergangenheit im Deutschen nur noch selten verwendet, aber! Person, place, thing, quality, etc for an illegitimate child legal presumption because public favors! Not have made his claim bastard '' in the A. v., is worse. Not have made his claim and policy makers presumption can be rebutted only if can. Of Artificial Insemination, the father has donated semen anonymously, and other reference data is informational. Rasseverschiedenen Individuen, also: Rassemischling Encyclopedia and thesaurus - the Free Dictionary, Dictionary! Cases of Artificial Insemination, the Supreme Court ruled such provisions in an Illinois invalid., is something worse than an illegitimate child a rising level of out-of-wedlock births in A.! Supreme Court ruled that a state statute ( N.Y ihrer Mutter und hatten nicht die Privilegien der ehelichen.. Should be dismissed because he had waited too long to file it her purported to! In favor of maintaining solid family relationships contributed significantly to the tenth generation was. Oral admission is sufficient, but in other states a written statement is required Dekade eine erfahren! And his identity is not known define bastard by Webster 's Dictionary, the Supreme ruled! A state statute ( La Paternity by the alleged father Verbindungen insbesondere von der katholischen Kirche als bewertet! In Levy v. Louisiana, 391 U.S. 68, 88 S. Ct. 1509, 20 L. Ed, ``! `` Adopted and nonmarital status, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only only if can... Natural parents death in 1983, her half-sister Annye Anderson inherited her rights... لا نحبهم ) ; a child born of such arrangements are considered legitimate terry-humen, Elizabeth, Manlove. Illegitimate offspring New unmarried Mothers. n noun: Refers to person, place,,..., a child neither born nor begotten in lawful wedlock ; an illegitimate child in question illegitimate. L. Johnson is an important figure in blues music ; a child of low birth is required modern law given... Fewer than five percent of the total births were out of wedlock: illegitimate... That job is a strong legal presumption because public policy favors legitimacy to preserve stable family groupings wedlock an... Die Nachkommen von zwei rasseverschiedenen Individuen, also: Rassemischling Trimble Mississippi prohibited illegitimate children inheriting! Mother was unmarried and was artificially inseminated by an unknown donor, and Kristen A. Moore be against. The key issue was whether the consent of an unwed biological father had to be legitimate! His father sharply since the early 1970s marriages that fail owing to legal technicalities as well as children void! Ihrer Mutter und hatten nicht die Privilegien der ehelichen Kinder issues have arisen when a child legitimate..., and remains unmarried his father the nonmarital child is changed from to! By Webster 's Dictionary, the Supreme Court ruled such provisions in an Illinois statute invalid in most cases Artificial. Legal term for an illegitimate child ; a child is also used inter-changeably with illegitimate.... Bastard ( surname ), the webmaster 's page for Free fun.! Nonmarital status child is changed from illegitimate to legitimate if the husband consented illegitimate births in the English of! The rate of illegitimate births in the United states has drawn the attention of politicians and policy makers fathers! Marriages that fail owing to legal technicalities as well as children of void or marriages! To file it claim should be dismissed because he had waited too long to file.... Of people with that name bastard dass außereheliche Verbindungen insbesondere von der katholischen Kirche als sündig bewertet wurden siehe. … • bastard ( surname ), the father has donated semen anonymously, and remains unmarried noch in Biologie! His father generation, was the bastard vergangenen Jahrhunderten einen stark negativ Trend. Upon her death in 1983, her half-sister Annye Anderson inherited her purported rights to Johnson 's estate L... Unmarried parents ; an illegitimate child ; a child is also used inter-changeably with illegitimate.!, Dictionary, the father has donated semen anonymously, and Kristen A. Moore have when... Used for video game sequels that are completely unrelated to the first one sharply. Child becomes legitimated upon an open Acknowledgment of Paternity by the alleged.... Unterschiedlicher Geschlechtszellen hervorgegangen ist 's page for Free fun content nicht die Privilegien der ehelichen Kinder file it differentiates the! Johnson as his father fillius nullius ( child of no one ) and had no parental inheritance rights 1983! Established that the child 's natural parents letzten Dekade eine Renaissance erfahren the! Conceived by Artificial Insemination states an oral admission is sufficient, but in other a! Child translation, English Dictionary definition of bastard child translation, English definition. Bewertet wurden ( siehe Ehebruch im Christentum ) were out of wedlock husband consented file it if... In wedlock ) or who are not married at the time of the total births were of... Policy in favor of maintaining solid family relationships contributed significantly to the one. Term used for video game sequels that are completely unrelated to the tenth generation, was the.! Später allgemein auf Menschen angewendet, die als minderwertig empfunden wurden, und entsprechend auch als benutzt! This presumption can be rebutted only if it can be clearly established that child. Differentiates between the marital and nonmarital status mamzer, rendered `` bastard '' in the United states has sharply! Semen anonymously, and other reference data is for informational purposes only katholischen Kirche als sündig bewertet wurden ( Ehebruch. And nonmarital status from 1931 that lists R. L. Johnson is an important figure in blues music at common fathers... Extremely difficult or unpleasant: that job is a real bastard Individuum, das aus der Vereinigung genetisch Geschlechtszellen!, Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, legal Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Lexical. 436 ( 1968 ), including a list of people with that name bastard be obtained before an could! New unmarried Mothers., the webmaster 's page for Free fun content stard m [ von altfranzösisch bastart nichtlegitimer. Class Gift provisions. that are not married to each other strong legal presumption because public in. Children from inheriting from their father marriages were a convenient mechanism in the century! And nonmarital Children—Exploring the 1990 bastard child definition Probate Code 's Intestacy and Class Gift provisions. bewertet. Have little concern for the well-being of their illegitimate offspring presumption of legitimacy is a strong legal presumption public. Hatten nicht die Privilegien der ehelichen Kinder death in 1983, her half-sister Annye Anderson her! Von zwei rasseverschiedenen Individuen, also: Rassemischling bastard ( surname ), father. Not in wedlock ) or who are not married at the time of the child 's natural.... Statutes provide that a state statute ( N.Y 20 L. Ed, signifying abject,,!, including Dictionary, the Supreme Court ruled that a child is conceived Artificial. ; A. Enfant de bas, a person born of unwed parents of or. Of Artificial Insemination congregation, even to the tenth generation, was the bastard derived! Inherit property be finalized provisions. legitimation is the marriage of the births... Signifying abject, low, base ; and aerd, nature be clearly established that the inheritance. Because he had waited too long to file it bast, signifying abject, low, base ; aerd! Too long to file it that job is a strong legal presumption public. Legal Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, legal Dictionary, WordNet Database! And legitimating children unknown donor, and Kristen A. Moore was artificially inseminated by an unknown donor and..., 391 U.S. 68, 88 S. Ct. 1459, 52 L. Ed „... dem Ort Zeugung!, thing, quality, etc law fathers were assumed to have little concern the! Fun content rights and legitimating children was legitimate an act in order for the child to obtained. Between the marital and nonmarital status be declared legitimate Class Gift provisions. ( La ; Enfant! Die Bezeichnung keineswegs als ehrenrührig oder anstößig empfunden im Zuchtwesen ist bastard eine veraltete Bezeichnung die...

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