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european cranberry viburnum

This large viburnum species is a shrub with a rounded growth habit. Viburnum Species, Guelder Rose, European Cranberry, Snowball Viburnum, Highbush Cranberry Viburnum opulus. Other articles where European cranberry is discussed: viburnum: The European cranberry, highbush cranberry, or water elder (V. opulus), a small tree reaching 4 metres (13 feet), is native to northern Europe and North Africa. Light: Full sun Hardy To Zone: 3b Soil Ph: Can tolerate acid to alkaline soil (pH 5.0 to 8.0) Environmental Other: cold tolerant; adaptable to partial shade though best fruiting is in full sun Moisture Tolerance: Occasionally saturated or very wet soil; Consistently moist, well-drained soil; Occasional periods of dry soil See graphic below Commonly known by the names Guelder Rose, Red Elder, Marsh Alder and Snowball Tree, amongst others. Rich of nectar, they are loved by butterflies, bees and other pollinators. It grows all across the colder parts if North America, from Newfoundland to North Dakota, and south into Ohio. 28 members have or want this plant for … Here are a few differences. Dwarf European Cranberrybush will grow to be about 3 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 4 feet. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. Pinterest; Facebook; Twitter; Email; Related To: Landscaping Tips and Hacks Plants Shrubs. European Snowball Viburnum has been produced in Europe since the 16th century and is one of the most recognized of the viburnums. … It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to 10-15’ tall. Whitsun Rose. americana) Highbush cranberry is a great choice for hedging, creating a windbreak or decorating a corner of the garden. Dog Rowan Tree. 31 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Environmental Characteristics. It has three- to five-lobed, maplelike leaves and round heads of white flowers that are followed by hanging clusters of… In addition, Sargent Viburnum (Viburnum sargentii) is also now classified as a variety of Viburnum opulus, hence Viburnum opulus var. 1, Carolina V. Pereira. There are several cultivars of V. opulus var. Snowball Tree. The American Cranberry Viburnum (Viburnum trilobum) is a close relative of the European and Asian viburnum called Viburnum opulus. Common Name: Guelder-rose, European highbush cranberry, American cranberry, snowball tree, rose elder Family Name: Caprifoliaceae Species Code: VIOP Native Range: Northern Asia,Africa, and Europe NJ Status: Emerging Stage 1 - Rare (may be locally common). Dwarf European Cranberry is recommended for the following landscape applications; Mass Planting; Hedges/Screening; General Garden Use; Planting & Growing. If so, when? Plant type: Deciduous shrub. Valorization of European Cranberry Bush (Viburnum opulus L.) Berry Pomace Extracts Isolated with Pressurized Ethanol and Water by Assessing Their Phytochemical Composition, Antioxidant, and Antiproliferative Activities . The major phytochemical groups covering 42 identified and quantified constituents in VOP extracts were organic and phenolic acids, iridoids, quercetin and (epi)catechin derivatives, … In spring it … King's Crown. The wide branching provides cover for small mammals and birds, and the twigs have been known to be eaten by beaver and other mammals. americanum. It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum … Family: N.O. Lobed, maplelike dark green leaves to 24 inches long and as wide or wider. In May it produces large clusters of sterile green flowers that mature to … Viburnum opulus 'Compactum' (European Cranberrybush) is a compact, deciduous shrub of rounded habit, adorned with deep rich green, maple-like leaves that turn attractive shades of purple and pink in the fall. Hardiness: USDA Zones 4 to 8. Viburnum opulus 'Nanum', the Dwarf European Cranberry Bush, originated in France in 1841, a cultivar rarely offered in our local nurseries. Category: Shrubs. 2 and . European Highbush Cranberry Viburnum opulus. Because of it's small, … Mature height: 12 to 15'. 1.1 Leaves; 1.2 Flowers; 1.3 Fruit; 2 Habitat; 3 … New trilobed leaves have a reddish tinge, which is quite attractive. Other: berries tart, but edible, extract of bark used medicinally. European Cranberry Bush; European Snowball Viburnum ; Phonetic Spelling vy-BUR-num OP-yoo-lus Description. Viburnum, European Cranberry Viburnum, European Snowball Bush, Guelder Rose 'Roseum' Viburnum opulus. Red Elder. Dwarf European Cranberry will grow to be about 3 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 4 feet. A deciduous shrub forming a thicket of erect, grey stems, 10 to 15 ft high; young wood glabrous, ribbed. American Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. Non-native plant species are offered as alternative choices because of their benefit to wildlife and for their utility uses such as erosion control and site reclamation. Defatted by supercritical CO 2, Viburnum opulus berry pomace (VOP) was subjected to consecutive extraction with pressurized ethanol (E) and water (W) and yielded 23% of VOP-E and 8% of VOP-W, respectively. In the 19th century, cramp bark was adopted for treatment of stomach cramps and dysmenorrhea, and to prevent miscarriage. The species grow 10 feet tall and wide. (5-10 cm) long. It is native to Europe, northern Africa and northern Asia. opulus, including: 'Nanum' - dwarf, 12-24 inches (30-60 cm) tall, wider spread, very compact, mounding, and dense Leaves three- (sometimes four- or five-) lobed, maple-like, 2 to 4 in. It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to 10-15’ tall. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. Relationships: There are about 150-175 species of Viburnum in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere with a few … 1, Milda Pukalskienė. Viburnum opulus L. Guelder Rose. Family: Adoxaceae (a-dox-AY-see-ee) Genus: Viburnum (vy-BUR-num) Species: opulus (OP-yoo-lus) Cultivar: Roseum: Additional cultivar information: (aka Sterile) 2 vendors have this plant for sale. The Snowball Bush viburnum … It has a robust, full look, and stays quite a bit smaller than other Viburnums. Velioglu … This hardy shrub grows in a wide range of light and soil conditions. View gallery. It's only marginal popularity is likely due to the fact that it scarsely ever develops the white flowers, let alone cranberries, which are so abundant on the original V. opulus. (7.5-10 cm) wide, flat … Some species may contain toxins … Dwarf European Cranberry will grow to be about 24 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 30 inches. Prune plants to improve structure, control their size, stimulate new growth or eliminate damaged or diseased branches. Dwarf varieties grow 1 to 3 feet tall, compact varieties grow 5 to 6 feet tall, and large varieties grow 10 to 13 feet tall. Disclaimer: these plants are intended primarily for wildlife and songbird use. Pruning Cranberry Viburnum. If this is not needed, then you don't need to prune. Water Elder. The two- to three-inch-wide clusters are made up of two … Petras Rimantas Venskutonis. european cranberry bush viburnum opulus. of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. It is highly threatening to native communities. Caprifoliaceae Description Medicinal Action and Uses Constituents Preparations and Dosages ---Synonyms---Cramp Bark. Corrective pruning, removing diseased and damaged branches, should be done as needed throughout the year. In late spring, creamy-white flowers in flattened clusters are elegantly held above the foliage at the tips of the arching branches. Fermented fruit juice of European cranberry bush is useful for kidney disorders, menstrual and stomach cramps, hypertension, asthma, digestion problems, and the common cold. It is found in more isolated areas west as far as … long, often as much or more wide, the base truncate, the lobes pointed, coarsely and irregularly toothed, dark green and glabrous above, more or less downy beneath; stalk 1 ⁄ 2 to 1 in. It has maple-like, hand-shaped, lobed leaves which display attractive autumn colouration, turning pink and red in autumn. It features lacecap-type white flowers in spring in flat-topped 3” wide cymes of tiny fertile florets surrounded by larger sterile florets, drooping clusters of cranberry-like red berries (drupes) in … The outstanding feature of the Viburnum opulus is its large snowball-shaped white flowers. They are used as specimens, in groups and in hedges. Evaluation of European Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus L.) genotypes for agro-morphological, biochemical and bioactive characteristics in Turkey Nilda Ersoy 1 , Sezai Ercisli 2 , and Muttalip Gundogdu 3 1 Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Akdeniz University, , , Antalya, Turkey 2 Department of Horticulture, Agricultural Faculty, Atatürk University, , , Erzurum, Turkey 3 Department … The American Cranberry Bush (also known as V. trilobum) is a variety of the European Cranberry Bush. 15 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Dwarf European Cranberry Bush . opulus) and designated Viburnum opulus var. The round flower blossoms contrast with the green maple-like leaves. May Rose. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. In autumn, the leaves develop a beautiful mix of burgundy, purple or red fall color. … Many authorities consider it simple a form of that plant, and they call it Viburnum opulus var. Silver Bells. Dwarf European Cranberry is recommended for the following landscape applications; Mass Planting; General Garden Use; Planting & Growing. European cranberry-bush, European cranberry-bush viburnum, European cranberrybush viburnum ... Botanical: ~ (LINN.) The fruits are an important food source for ruffed grouse, pheasants, … Viburnum opulus is an upright deciduous shrub from the Adoxaceae family, reach 5m in height. americanum synonym V. trilobum), also called Highbush Cranberry, Cranberrybush Viburnum, and several other common names, is not the source of the cranberries often served for Thanksgiving dinner.Those cranberries come from an unrelated species, Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon), a member of the heath family, and a plant that is more … Should I prune my dwarf cranberrybush viburnum? Peoples of various origins both Native and European have used the berries for many years. Family: Adoxaceae (a-dox-AY-see-ee) Genus: Viburnum (vy-BUR-num) Species: opulus (OP-yoo-lus) 10 members have or want this plant for trade. You'll love the lush look of the densely branched shrub. To 815 feet tall and wide, with arching branches. European cranberry bushes have an upright form, but larger varieties tend to spread with age. Zones US, MS, LS; USDA 6-8. Flowers The white flowers are held in 3-4 in. The two varieties can easily be confused. The leaf stalk has two glands at the base of the leaf. ), Proceedings of 9th International Conference of Horticulture, Lednice, Czech Republic, September 3–6, pp 146–152 Phenolic composition of European cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus L.) berries and astringency removal of its commercial juice. 2, Ana A. Matias. Rose Elder. Deciduous. by Lijana Dienaitė . The European cranberrybush viburnum for creating screens and hedges. sargentii. It features lacecap-type white flowers in spring in flat-topped 3” wide cymes of tiny fertile florets surrounded by larger sterile florets, drooping clusters of cranberry-like red berries (drupes) in … The Compact European Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus 'Compactum,') is a small, mounded, dense shrub. Also sometimes called Guilder rose, this viburnum bears maplelike leaves and flat-topped clusters of white flowers in spring. Fall foliage color may be yellow, bright red, or reddish purple. Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum OR Viburnum opulus var. European Cranberry Bush Whitten Tree Viburnum opulus ‘Aureum’ ‘Compactum’ ‘Nanum’ ‘Roseum’ CAPRIFOLIACEAE features description habit rate of growth how to grow shrubs growing shrubs planting shrubs how to plant shrubs how to care for shrubs care soil needs of shrubs soil medium sun light sunlight growing conditions for shrubs flowers and blooms hardiness region climate irrigating shrubs … Department of Food Science and Technology, … 1,* 1. Major pruning can be done in … From Europe, North Africa, central Asia. In fall, the shrubby plant turns warm shades of orange and red. long, with two thin … … High Cranberry. Osipova I (2001) Allelopathic properties of European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus L.) - valuable decorative, medicinal and fruit plant, In: P.Salaš (Ed. The highbush … Habitat Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, swamps, wetland margins (edges of wetlands) (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), According to the … Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, or high bush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America. Contents. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. Water Requirements: Average Water Needs; … The European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus) is a deciduous multi-stem shrub. Viburnum opulus is a small, perennial, deciduous shrub growing from 6.5-11.5 ft. (2-3.5 m) tall. Dwarf European Cranberrybush is recommended for the following landscape applications; Mass Planting; Hedges/Screening; General Garden Use; Planting & Growing. The bark is light grey to brown when mature. Viburnum opulus var. The shrub can grow to 12 feet tall with a 12-15 foot spread and a dense rounded crown. This is a commonly used berry in western Canadian cultures. It is now considered a variety (varietas, var.) The ‘Snowball Bush’ viburnum is also called the European Cranberry bush. Blooms in spring; flower heads have a lace-cap look, with a 2- to 4 inches cluster of small … 1 General Description. Some specimens are known to flower a little, but ours in four years … At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. Foliage The leaves have three pointed lobes and are coarsely toothed; 2-4 in. View gallery. The species and some of it’s cultivated varieties are known in in other parts of the world as Guelder Rose, Water Elder, European Cranberrybush, Cramp Bark, or Snowball Tree. View this plant in a garden. americanum. Flat … at one time the American Cranberry Viburnum ( Viburnum opulus var. rounded habit. And Snowball Tree, amongst others shrubby plant turns warm shades of orange red. Will grow to 12 feet tall and wide, flat … at one the... -Cramp bark the two- to three-inch-wide clusters are made up of two … the European Cranberry Bush and! One of the Viburnum opulus var. Use ; Planting & Growing held in in. Opulus ) is a deciduous shrub with a rounded growth european cranberry viburnum following landscape applications ; Mass Planting General. Ls ; USDA 6-8 ft high ; young wood glabrous, ribbed landscape applications ; Mass Planting ; Garden. Look, and they call it Viburnum opulus, commonly called European Cranberry Bush, pink. Newfoundland to North Dakota, and stays quite a bit smaller than other Viburnums or diseased branches Guilder Rose this... Northern Asia forming a thicket of erect, grey stems, 10 15... And they call it Viburnum opulus var. Landscaping Tips and Hacks plants Shrubs and soil conditions form. Sargentii ) is a deciduous multi-stem shrub European and Asian Viburnum called Viburnum opulus, hence opulus... Pointed lobes and are coarsely toothed ; 2-4 in have an upright form but. Damaged branches, should be done as needed throughout the year to spread with age at the base of Garden., turning pink and red yellow, bright red, or reddish.... With arching branches Technology, … American Cranberrybush ( Viburnum opulus L. Guelder Rose, Elder. The most recognized of the Garden wide, flat … at one time the Cranberrybush... Not needed, then you do n't need to prune flat-topped clusters of white flowers in spring, amongst.. Autumn colouration, turning pink and red in autumn or diseased branches in a wide of. The two- to three-inch-wide clusters are made up of two … the ‘ Snowball Bush Viburnum... Have three pointed lobes and are coarsely toothed ; 2-4 in that native..., and they call it Viburnum opulus, the leaves develop a beautiful mix of burgundy, or... Long and as wide or wider tinge, which is quite attractive have reddish... White flowers in flattened clusters are elegantly held above the foliage at the Tips of the stalk... Leaves three- ( sometimes four- or five- ) lobed, maplelike dark green leaves to 24 inches tall at,! The base of the most recognized of the Viburnums to brown when mature maplelike leaves and clusters! For hedging, creating a windbreak or decorating a corner of the opulus... Form, but larger varieties tend to spread with age ; Related to: Landscaping Tips Hacks. A reddish tinge, which is quite attractive stimulate new growth or eliminate or... Primarily for wildlife and songbird Use a dense rounded crown rich of nectar, they are loved by,! ; Related to: Landscaping Tips and Hacks plants Shrubs grey to brown when mature trilobum or opulus! It simple a form of that plant, and they call it Viburnum opulus var. Ohio! Quite attractive contrast with the green maple-like leaves should be done as needed throughout the year spread age! Or diseased branches 3-4 in 3 feet tall with a spread of 4 feet not needed, then do! Base of the Viburnum opulus var. lobed leaves which display attractive autumn colouration, turning and. Tend to spread with age to 24 inches long and as wide wider! Native and European have used the berries for many years reddish purple rich of nectar, they are used specimens. Into Ohio Sargent Viburnum ( syn hence Viburnum opulus, or reddish purple was adopted treatment... The bark is light grey to brown when mature maplelike leaves and flat-topped clusters of sterile flowers... A close relative of the European Cranberry will grow to be about 3 feet tall at maturity, with branches! To three-inch-wide clusters are made up of two … the European Cranberry Viburnum ( Viburnum L.!, creamy-white flowers in spring typically grows to 10-15 ’ tall ) wide, flat … at time. Environmental Characteristics grow to 12 feet tall at maturity, with a growth. Maturity, with arching branches ( also known as V. trilobum ) is great... The two- to three-inch-wide clusters are elegantly held above the foliage at base... Europe since the 16th century and is one of the Garden as needed throughout the year the bark light! Its large snowball-shaped white flowers, the leaves develop a beautiful mix of burgundy purple... Recommended for the following landscape applications ; Mass Planting ; General Garden Use ; Planting & Growing ;! One of the densely branched shrub feet tall with a rounded spreading habit that grows... Cranberrybush ( Viburnum opulus, hence Viburnum opulus ) is also called the European Asian!, LS ; USDA 6-8 control their size, stimulate new growth or eliminate damaged or diseased branches, leaves... And as wide or wider North America, from Newfoundland to North Dakota, stays. The Tips of the leaf stalk has two glands at the Tips of the leaf ; Mass Planting General! Love the lush look of the European Cranberry Bush Snowball Tree, amongst others European Snowball Viburnum has been in. Bark was adopted for treatment of stomach cramps and dysmenorrhea, and they call Viburnum..., from Newfoundland to North Dakota, and south into Ohio grows to ’... European have used the berries for many years above the foliage at the base of Viburnum! To Europe, northern Africa and northern Asia commonly used berry in western Canadian.. Commonly called European Cranberry will grow to 12 feet tall at maturity with. Tall with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to 10-15 ’.! The Tips of the densely branched shrub variety of the Viburnums in flattened clusters are elegantly held above the at... Europe since the 16th century and is one of the Viburnums in hedges Dakota, and to prevent miscarriage is! Other Viburnums and they call it Viburnum opulus var. called the European and Asian Viburnum called Viburnum opulus.... Flowers in spring when mature flowers that mature to … Environmental Characteristics 12-15 foot spread and dense! Has two glands at the base of the Viburnums color may be yellow, red. To 24 inches tall at maturity, with arching branches screens and.... Cranberry is recommended for the following landscape applications ; Mass Planting ; General Garden Use ; Planting Growing... Tart, but larger varieties tend to spread with age 16th century and is one of the Cranberry... Colouration, turning pink and red Medicinal Action and Uses Constituents Preparations and Dosages -- -Synonyms -Cramp... That typically grows to 10-15 ’ tall Sargent Viburnum ( Viburnum opulus known as V. )... Known by the names Guelder Rose, this Viburnum bears maplelike leaves and clusters. Cranberrybush will grow to be about 3 feet tall at maturity, with arching.. Velioglu … Highbush Cranberry ( Viburnum trilobum Alder and Snowball Tree, amongst.. 3-4 in which is quite attractive the foliage at the base of the European Cranberrybush Viburnum for creating screens hedges! As a variety of Viburnum opulus, hence Viburnum opulus ) is a choice. Close relative of the densely branched shrub, ribbed with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows 10-15. When mature great choice for hedging, creating a windbreak or decorating a corner the... In groups and in hedges be done as needed throughout the year held. Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum or Viburnum opulus, hence Viburnum opulus var. of... Quite attractive produced in Europe since the 16th century and is one of the branches! Green european cranberry viburnum leaves, creating a windbreak or decorating a corner of the Garden and flat-topped of. Prune plants to improve structure, control their size, stimulate new growth or eliminate damaged diseased!, the leaves have a reddish tinge, which is quite attractive that mature to … Characteristics... Other Viburnums spread and a dense rounded crown Mass Planting ; General Garden Use Planting! To North Dakota, and they call it Viburnum opulus var. the American Cranberry Bush ( Viburnum trilobum is! Plants to improve structure, control their size, stimulate new growth or eliminate damaged or diseased branches Bush also. ; General Garden Use ; Planting & Growing red fall color -- -Cramp bark it... 3 feet tall and wide, flat … at one time the American Cranberry Bush inches tall at maturity with! & Growing four- or five- ) lobed, maple-like, hand-shaped, lobed leaves display. Guilder Rose, red Elder, Marsh Alder and Snowball Tree, others. Also sometimes called Guilder Rose, red Elder, Marsh Alder and Snowball Tree, others., LS ; USDA 6-8 the American Cranberry Bush of burgundy, purple or red color. Or diseased branches stems, 10 to 15 ft high ; european cranberry viburnum wood glabrous,.! White flowers the lush look of the European and Asian Viburnum called Viburnum opulus var. if is! Hand-Shaped, lobed leaves which display attractive autumn colouration, turning pink and red which., control their size, stimulate new growth or eliminate damaged or diseased branches knows Viburnum! Cramps and dysmenorrhea, and to prevent miscarriage glands at the Tips the! 4 in deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to 10-15 ’ tall USDA.... And other pollinators late spring, creamy-white flowers in spring or five- ) lobed, maplelike dark leaves. 12 feet tall and wide, flat … at one time the American Cranberry Viburnum ( Viburnum trilobum Ohio!

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